In 1889, France celebrated the centenary of its Revolution by organizing the fourth World’s Fair in the country. The progress of the metal industry enabled the invention of new forms, the most famous building being the Eiffel Tower, realized for this occasion. The Exhibition remains open until midnight, thanks to a phenomenal electrical installation.
In the decorative arts, aesthetic changes are perceptible, under the influence of Symbolism. Émile Gallé confirms his importance during this event, with a collection of furniture that announce the Art Nouveau. On the other hand, Carrier-Belleuse is then director of the Manufacture of Sèvres and exhibits a selection of quite original models. Finally, it is the first time that Perret and Vibert, masters of Japanese-inspired furniture, participate to the event.
The ephemeral architectures are still diversifying, with the construction of a Children's Pavilion, and several reconstructions designed to show the evolution of housing since the dawn of humanity. France affirms by this event its regained power under the Third Republic.