Caryatid

A caryatid is composed of a columns or a pilaster shaped as a women supporting an entablature.

Since Classical Antiquity, this piece of decoration had a stylistic evolution : from the Caryatid Porch of the Erechtheion (on the Acropolis at Athens) were they had a hieratic posture, to the lascivious attitude of the "Belle Epoque" period.

The "canephore" represent a woman with a baskets on her head, and a "half-figure" describes a caryatid forming a pilaster below the bust.

In architecture, the male version of the caryatid is called "Atlantes" or "Telamon". In ancient Greek Atlas meant "the carrier", it also refers to the mythology : Atlas was a Titan who was sentenced by Zeus to hold the sky for eternity.

Atlantes were groups of statues used in Greek temple. In Roman temple they were called Telamon.

Cet article est également disponible en : French

Leave a Reply